This report discusses the use of prison bed occupancy guarantee clauses in prison privatization contracts and explores their effects.
In the first three quarters of 2011, state governments across the country have suddenly enacted an array ofnew laws and policies making it harder to vote. Some states require voters to show government-issued photoidentification, often of a type that as many as one in ten voters do not have. Other states have cut back onearly voting, a hugely popular innovation used by millions of Americans. Two states reversed earlier reformsand once again disenfranchised millions who have past criminal convictions but who are now taxpayingmembers of the community. Still others made it much more difficult for citizens to register to vote, a prerequisitefor voting.These new restrictions fall most heavily on young, minority, and low-income voters, as well as on voterswith disabilities. This wave of changes may sharply tilt the political terrain for the 2012 election. Already19 new laws and two new executive actions are in place.