What do these big corporations—Amazon, CostCo, NIKE, Google, Occidental Petroleum, Qualcomm, Berkshire Hathaway, Devon Energy, Walgreen, Halliburton, Walmart, Caterpillar, Allstate, Bank of America, Lowe’s, Sunoco, Mastercard and CVS Caremark—all have in common?
These are the most secretive, least transparent corporations when it comes to revealing their spending on electioneering, even though they are all publicly traded and have received more than a $1.3 billion in federal contracts since 2010. And they are not about to change.
That’s the conclusion of the Coalition for Accountability in Political Spending (CAPS), a non-profit organization of public officials who manage more than $1 trillion in pension assets for 90 million people. It was created by the New York City Public Advocate’s Office and has been lobbying these states to adopt political disclosure laws for these kinds of secretive firms.
“These companies have yet to take even basic steps to keep their treasury dollars from flooding into our elections,” said New York City Public Advocate Bill de Blasio. “Unless we keep wealthy special interests from buying out of our elections, we could see the Oval Office bought right out from under us in November.”
The CAPS Coalition is part of a growing movement among public interest groups to pressure corporations, particularly those doing business with government, to disclose their political spending. The Citizens United decision by the Supreme Court in 2010 held that corporations and unions could directly contribute to ‘independent’ political campaigns.
The opening months of the 2012 presidential campaign has seen an explosion in that spending, fueling so-called super PACS that claim to be politically independent but often are run by candidates’ former staffers and consultants. The super PACs have bought the majority of the most negative television ads seen in 2012.
“If corporations are so intent on buying our democracy, they should have the courage to tell us what they are spending,” CAPS executive director Kate Coyne McCoy said. “These companies profit from our tax dollars. If they are buying a politician’s favor with those dollars we have a right to know.”
CAPS has taken a two-prong approach to pushing disclosure. It first seeks to pressure the companies to adopt transparent policies themselves. If that does not work—and it largely has not—then CAPS is shifting its focus to state legislatures where it is pushing tough “pay-to-play” proposals that would ban the awarding of government contracts to a firm that gave more than $500 a year to a candidate or $1,000 to a political party. They also would ban government contracting with companies that have contributed to political action committees or these supposedly independent advocacy groups.
But CAPS primary focus has been a naming and shaming campaign to pressure large corporations to disclose their electioneering.
Its ranking of the least transparent corporations is based on three major studies done in 2011 on corporate governance, including one by institutional investors. CAPS sent letters to the companies seeking four actions: to fully disclose all political spending in a timely manner; to not contribute to political intermediaries that mask donor identity; to tell trade associations that their dues cannot not be used for electioneering; and that corporate boards approve electioneering expenses before it occurs, not afterward.
CAPS initially contacted 20 companies. Only three responded. Sprint-Nextel and Walt Disney both said they would change their disclosure policy after being named on CAPS’ 20-worst list last fall. Sprint announced it would post its 2010 expenses online and did so. Walt Disney told CAPS that it would do the same, but its index of 2011 news releases does not list any on political activities. Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway said his firm’s 70-plus subsidiaries each make their own determinations on political spending.
Another front in the effort to create greater corporate disclosure in the Citizens United era has been an effort to lobby the Securities and Exchange Commission to issue corporate governance rules that require greater and more timely disclosure of electoral spending.
Similarly, advocacy groups have been urging President Obama to sign an executive order requiring federal contractors to disclose their political spending. The White House leaked a draft order to do so last April, prompting Washington’s business lobby to cry foul and aggressively push back.
In late December, members of various public interest groups were invited back to the White House to discuss the proposed executive order with White House legal staffers, raising hopes that Obama might announce such an order in the State of the Union, but that did not happen.
Lisa Gilbert, deputy of director of Public Citizen’s Congress Watch said that the White House continues to discuss the executive order proposal, saying “we do not hear anything that suggests they are not working on it,” although she could not predict if the White House would eventually issue the order.
In general, the president did not receive high marks for his political reform remarks in the State of the Union. He said he would sign a bill banning inside stock trading by members of Congress—which is moving on Capital Hill. He also suggested banning top “bundlers” or fundraisers in congressional races from lobbying, which astute critics said would not affect his re-election campaign. He also did not mention Citizens United or the order on federal contractor disclosure.
But Warren Buffet’s secretary sat in the First Lady’s box—signaling that Buffet’s help on tax reform, as he has often said he pays a lower tax rate than his secretary—may be what matters more to Obama, not Berkshire Hathaway’s transparency on electioneering.
Link to original article from AlterNet
End Corporate Rule -
It would be a shock to most Americans when eventually 300million people realize that they have been and are being fooled and manipulated. If anyone were to say “the US Government is run by Wall Street, mega corporations, their lobbyists and the super-rich” they are certainly not far from the truth. The knowledge of this should drive home why countries are being invaded and companies end up gaining the contracts while placing their own American soldiers in harms way. It should also make people begin to realize why freedom of...
Shenali D Waduge | SinhalaNet 24 Aug 2014 Hits:516 ECR Articles
A Pentagon contract announced this week sheds new light on the controversy over corporate inversions, and how tough the federal government really will be on all those companies skedaddling to Europe to avoid paying income taxes.
Pentagon purchasing agents awarded Abbott Laboratories of North Chicago a $19.5 million contract for technology that diagnoses brain injuries, even though the medical products company recently cut a deal that will poke a hole in Uncle Sam's coffers. Inversions enable companies to escape relatively high U.S. corporate tax rates by reincorporating overseas through an acquisition.
Joe Cahill | Crain's Chicago Business 22 Aug 2014 Hits:225 ECR Articles
A Colorado lawmaker wants to end a long-running practice that fuels mistrust of the federal government.
After retiring from office or losing re-election, many congressional lawmakers — Republicans and Democrats alike — launch lucrative careers as lobbyists at law firms, lobbying shops, business and trade organizations, and other well-heeled interest groups, many of which are located on the infamous K Street.
Sen. Michael Bennet introduced a bill this month to ban that. The bill, which he introduced along with Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont., would prevent former members from lobbying Congress permanently.
Raju Chebium | Coloradoan 03 Aug 2014 Hits:564 ECR Articles
With the recent rulings of this right-wing dominated Supreme Court, it was hard to celebrate our nation's 238th birthday this past July 4th. Indeed, the Hobby Lobby decision delivered a hard blow not just to women in the workplace, but to the basic rights of all Americans. Essentially, the five Roberts Radicals gave corporations the right to refuse to deliver coverage provided in the Affordable Care Act to female employees for contraception and access to reproductive healthcare if it conflicted with the religious beliefs of their employers. One might wonder...
Pearl Korn | Huffington Post 15 Jul 2014 Hits:342 ECR Articles
Constitutional amendments are often proposed but rarely advanced to the stage of serious debate. What moves any meaningful amendment from mere paperwork to serious consideration is the popular will of the great mass of Americans. And the popular will of the great mass of Americans have been abundantly clear since the United States Supreme Court struck down barriers to corporate control of democracy with its 2010 Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission ruling.
Sixteen American states and roughly 600 communities have formally told Congress that the Constitution must be amended to...
John Nichols | The Nation 11 Jul 2014 Hits:225 ECR Articles
The US government does not represent the interests of the majority of the country's citizens, but is instead ruled by those of the rich and powerful, a new study from Princeton and Northwestern Universities has concluded.
The report, entitled Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens, used extensive policy data collected from between the years of 1981 and 2002 to empirically determine the state of the US political system.
After sifting through nearly 1,800 US policies enacted in that period and comparing them to the expressed preferences of...
Zachary Davies Boren | The Telegraph 17 Apr 2014 Hits:967 ECR Articles
Companies do not have a right to lie to their shareholders, a German judge ruled this week. But sometimes, she added, lies are necessary.
And with that Carola Wittig, a judge in the state court in Stuttgart, dismissed a suit filed by a group of hedge funds that lost a lot of money when Porsche Holding, the owner of the Porsche automaker at the time, lied about its intentions regarding Volkswagen.
“It was hardly possible to react to public speculation about a takeover of VW except with a denial,” the court explained...
Floyd Norris | New York Times 23 Mar 2014 Hits:491 ECR Articles
Think of Dixie, and your mind probably conjures something like "Duck Dynasty" — bearded men bouncing along dirt roads in pickup trucks, raucously waving rebel flags.
You probably wouldn’t think of black-tied bankers cavorting in the plush ballroom of Manhattan's St. Regis hotel. But were you to peek inside the recent gathering of a secret Wall Street society, you’d have witnessed investment banking tycoon Warren Stephens taking the stage in a Confederate flag hat, performing an ode to finance to the tune of “Dixie." "In Wall Street land we’ll take our...
Lynn Stuart Parramore | AlterNet 27 Feb 2014 Hits:568 ECR Articles
Talk about revenge of the C students! The nation’s biggest telecom company, Comcast, which took over NBCUniversal a year ago, wants to buy the second biggest company, Time-Warner Cable, to create an empire of 30-million subscribers. That’s a third of all American homes with cable for its TV, internet service and telephones.
The merger has to be approved by federal regulators as being in the public interest and not a monopoly. How Comcast, the world’s largest media company and one of America’s most reviled companies threads that needle will be a...
Steven Rosenfeld | AlterNet 14 Feb 2014 Hits:878 ECR Articles
Sen. Al Franken launched a petition on Tuesday calling for the overturning of the U.S. Supreme Court decision known as Citizens United, the 2010 ruling that has been widely held responsible for allowing an unprecedented influx of anonymous corporate money into local and national politics.
By Friday, the site-based petition had received nearly 229,000 individually verified signatures on MoveOn.org, including a lengthy list of outraged and pleading comments.
“In Citizens United, the Supreme Court ruled for the first time that corporations are guaranteed the same free speech rights as real people to...
Carey L. Biron | Mint Press News 20 Jan 2014 Hits:1630 ECR Articles
JESSICA DESVARIEUX, TRNN PRODUCER: Welcome to Real News Network. I'm Jessica Desvarieux in Baltimore.
A toxic spill in West Virginia's Elk River has left 300,000 local residents without water for the past week. The leak came from a storage facility for chemicals used to process coal, and it's left many wondering if industry regulations are too lax, especially for the company responsible for the leak, Freedom Industries.
Let's take a look at what the president of the company had to say after being pressed by a local reporter about mapping out a...
Jessica Desvarieux | The Real News Network 20 Jan 2014 Hits:640 ECR Articles
Hobby Lobby, a chain of crafts stores, closes on Sundays, costing its owners millions but honoring their Christian faith.
The stores play religious music. Employees get free spiritual counseling. But they do not get free insurance coverage for some contraceptives, even though President Obama’s health care law requires it.
Hobby Lobby, a corporation, says that forcing it to provide the coverage would violate its religious beliefs. A federal appeals court agreed, and the Supreme Court is set to decide on Tuesday whether it will hear the Obama administration’s appeal from that decision...
Adam Liptak | The New York Times 25 Nov 2013 Hits:874 ECR Articles
The European Union said it plans to close a loophole in the corporate tax code that allows some companies to pay little or no tax by routing profits abroad, amid a mounting furor over the tax practices of major corporations such as Apple Inc. and Google Inc.
The proposal by the European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, aims to boost tax revenue for national budgets at a time of biting austerity and ensure that companies pay a fair amount of tax.
“We can no longer afford freeloaders who reap huge profits in...
Tom Fairless | The Wall Street Journal 25 Nov 2013 Hits:739 ECR Articles
The conservative American Legislative Exchange Council is wading back into election issues, as it considers supporting a bill that would increase the role of state legislatures in the election of U.S. senators, chipping away at the powers vested directly in the people under the 17th Amendment.
ALEC circulates model legislation to state legislators, and its bills have resulted in states passing laws related to voter ID, so-called Stand Your Ground issues and the elimination or reduction of state income taxes.
In early December, a group of ALEC members are scheduled to consider...
Amanda Terkel The Huffington Post 15 Nov 2013 Hits:682 ECR Articles
The American people created the post office. The American people can still save the post office. But we need to do something right now.
In July 2011 the United States Postal Service (USPS) management announced it would rapidly close 3600 local post offices and eventually as many as 15,000. And shutter half the nation’s mail processing centers.
A frenzy of grassroots activity erupted as citizens in hundreds of towns mobilized to save a treasured institution that plays a key and sometimes a defining role in their communities. Only when Congress appeared ready...
David Morris | On the Commons 05 Nov 2013 Hits:655 ECR Articles
Way under the radar screen of Big Media, which is too busy wallowing around in every flaw of the early glitches of healthcare.gov to notice anything else going on no matter how important, is a hugely consequential Senate confirmation fight happening this week. This fight may well have a bigger impact on our economy than any other confirmation this fight. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) has not had an official chief for years now, but after too long a delay President Obama nominated a solid, well-respected North Carolina congressman...
Mike Lux | Huffington Post 30 Oct 2013 Hits:634 ECR Articles
In its landmark 1976 decision Buckley v.Valeo, the Supreme Court affirmed the constitutionality of laws aimed at “the prevention of corruption and the appearance of corruption spawned by the real or imagined coercive influence of large financial contributions on candidates’ positions and on their actions if elected to office.”
In that light, let’s take a look at the record of campaign contributions to Spencer Bachus, a Republican congressman from Alabama and a prime example of the interaction between special interest campaign contributions and the legislative process.
For all intents and purposes, Bachus,...
Thomas B Edsall | The New York Times 18 Oct 2013 Hits:695 ECR Articles
As the federal government shutdown continues, Secretary of State John Kerry heads to Asia for secret talks on a sweeping new trade deal, the Trans-Pacific Partnership. The TPP is often referred to by critics as "NAFTA on steroids," and would establish a free trade zone that would stretch from Vietnam to Chile, encompassing 800 million people — about a third of world trade and nearly 40 percent of the global economy. While the text of the treaty has been largely negotiated behind closed doors and, until June, kept secret from...
Amy Goodman | Democracy NOW! 18 Oct 2013 Hits:978 ECR Articles
The latest wrecking ball flailing around in the rubble of America’s election and campaign finance laws, McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission, will be argued in the Supreme Court on October 8. Once again we can expect counsel and some members of the Court to be on the lookout for deviant, “forbidden” thinking about money and democracy.
As in Citizens United in 2010, the Arizona public funding case in 2011 (American Free Enterprise Club’s Freedom Club PAC v. Bennett), and the Montana challenge to Citizens United in 2012 (American Tradition Partnership v. Bullock),...
Jeff Clements | ACS 08 Oct 2013 Hits:885 ECR Articles
Every week the Truthdig editorial staff selects a Truthdigger of the Week, a group or person worthy of recognition for speaking truth to power, breaking the story or blowing the whistle. It is not a lifetime achievement award. Rather, we’re looking for newsmakers whose actions in a given week are worth celebrating. Nominate our next Truthdigger here.
The extreme want of coverage of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal in even the independent, alternative press is a testament to the near-complete domination of politics and the news media by transnational corporate interests....
06 Oct 2013 Hits:770 ECR Articles
That's over and above our payments to the big companies for energy and food and housing and health care and all our tech devices. It's $6,000 that no family would have to pay if we truly lived in a competitive but well-regulated free-market economy.
The $6,000 figure is an average, which means that low-income families are paying less. But it also means that families (households) making over $72,000 are paying more than $6,000 to the corporations.
1. $870 for Direct Subsidies and Grants to Companies
The Cato Institute estimates that the U.S. federal...
Paul Buchheit | Common Dreams 30 Sep 2013 Hits:1010 ECR Articles
To quote famed short seller David Einhorn: “No matter how bad you think it is, it’s worse.” On the “corruption among what passes for our elites” front, this story about self-dealing in the privatization of the Postal Service gives an indication of how bad things really are.
By way of backstory: the Postal Service is being plundered through the device of a completely fabricated financial crisis. The mail provider has been widely declared to be broke, but that’s utter hogwash. Congress has created the appearance of financial ill health via a...
Yves Smith | Naked Capitalism 26 Sep 2013 Hits:944 ECR Articles
An amendment dubbed the "Monsanto Protection Act," which currently allows large agriculture and biotech corporations to ignore court orders involving the safety of genetically modified seeds, has been stripped from Senate's spending bill that could be voted on as early as Wednesday afternoon.
Following an organized campaign against the provision in recent months, its removal was being cheered by food safety and environmental activists as a victory.
The Monsanto Protection Act, otherwise known as the Farmer Assurance Provision rider, was wedged into a stop-gap budget bill that passed earlier this year and signed into law...
Jacob Chamberlain | Common Dreams 25 Sep 2013 Hits:710 ECR Articles
Today, the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD), publishers of the award-winning ALECexposed.org, launched OutsourcingAmericaExposed.org, a web resource devoted to helping taxpayers identify the corporations seeking to privatize public assets and services in their communities: including their schools, roads, prisons, drinking water, court systems, and more.
Once a week for the next several weeks, CMD will unveil corporate profiles of America’s most notorious corporations that are quietly working with state and local lawmakers to take over public services with little accountability, along with in-depth examinations of the CEOs personally profiting from...
Center for Media and Democracy's PRWatch 24 Sep 2013 Hits:762 ECR Articles
Discussions about removing government management of the U.S. air-traffic control system are the most serious in two decades, prompted by budget cuts and uncertain funding for converting to satellite navigation.
Leaders of the U.S. air-traffic controllers’ union and a private-pilot lobbying group, once fierce opponents of taking control of the system away from the Federal Aviation Administration, have endorsed talks on other ways to manage and pay for aviation safety.
“There are conversations taking place among the stakeholders,” Gerald Dillingham, civil aviation director of the U.S. Government Accountability Office, said in an...
Alan Levin | Bloomberg 24 Sep 2013 Hits:759 ECR Articles
In a letter to Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke dated June 27, 2013, US Representative Alan Grayson and three co-signers expressed concern about the expansion of large banks into what have traditionally been non-financial commercial spheres. Specifically:
[W]e are concerned about how large banks have recently expanded their businesses into such fields as electric power production, oil refining and distribution, owning and operating of public assets such as ports and airports, and even uranium mining.
After listing some disturbing examples, they observed:
According to legal scholar Saule Omarova, over the past five years, there has...
Ellen Brown | Common Dreams 31 Aug 2013 Hits:923 ECR Articles
The Center for Media and Democracy filed a letter with the Texas Attorney General on Thursday refuting efforts by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) to declare itself immune from the state's open records law. Texas is the first known state where ALEC has formally asked an Attorney General for an exemption from sunshine-in-government laws, and it marks a new low in the organization's attempts to advance its legislative agenda in secret and avoid public accountability for facilitating special interest influence.
“You cannot just create a special private club between lobbyists...
Center for Media and Democracy 19 Aug 2013 Hits:907 ECR Articles
Congressman Darrell Issa really is determined to end the United States Postal Service as Americans know it—indeed, as Americans have known it for more than 200 years.
Issa, the powerful chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, has a long history of attacking the postal service. But, now, he has taken advantage of a manufactured crisis to get his committee to vote twenty-two to seventeen in favor of a “Postal Reform Act of 2013” that American Postal Workers Union president Cliff Guffey warns “will lead to the demise of...
John Nichols | The Nation 17 Aug 2013 Hits:1365 ECR Articles
As part of our ongoing focus on the American Legislative Exchange Council, or ALEC, we checked in with health insurance executive turned industry whistleblower Wendell Potter to learn about ALEC’s efforts to influence the health care debate and undermine The Affordable Care Act (a.k.a. Obamacare).
Lauren Feeney: ALEC turned 40 last week. How long has the organization been involved in trying to influence the health care debate?
Wendell Potter: I don’t know whether insurance companies were part of the initial founding of the organization, but I’m sure they were involved early on. Health insurance is regulated largely...
Lauren Feeney | Bill Moyers.com 14 Aug 2013 Hits:662 ECR Articles
For two weeks, protesters have been living in a tent city outside a post office in Berkeley, California. The participants are staging the sleep-in to save the post office from closing, one of many closures facing post offices all across the country.
The United States Postal Service last week reported a net loss of $740 million in the third quarter—hemorrhaging many conservative leaders claim bolsters their argument that the USPS is antiquated and post offices should be closed.
It makes sense that the postal service has proven to be a popular target...
Allison Kilkenny | The Nation 13 Aug 2013 Hits:558 ECR Articles
Student after student on Wednesday took to the podium at a public board meeting of the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) to deliver a unified message against efforts by Mayor Rahm Emanuel which they say are systematically dismantling the public education in the city.
Their immediate demand: Listen to us. Their rallying cry: 'Whose Schools? Our Schools!' And their revolutionary threat: Abandon the corporate-fueled model of education reform in Chicago or face a student-led and community-powered revolt.
Led by twenty members of Chicago Students Organizing to Save Our Schools, a student-led educational activism...
Jon Queally | Common Dreams 25 Jul 2013 Hits:637 ECR Articles
When I learned last winter that I would have a seat on the Senate Banking Committee, I was very happy because I knew it would give me the opportunity to ask tough questions and push for some accountability from Wall Street and its regulators. In the last six months, that's exactly what I've tried to do.
Again and again, I've been making a simple point to anyone who will listen: we need to learn from the financial crisis of 2008 and, moving forward, to prevent the kinds of high-risk activities that...
Elizabeth Warren | DailyKos 22 Jul 2013 Hits:724 ECR Articles
For Republicans who want to cut the number of food stamp recipients, here’s a helpful suggestion: Support the ordinance passed last week by the D.C. Council, which required big-box stores like Wal-Mart to pay their employees at least $12.50 an hour.
On average, Wal-Mart pays its workers $12.67 an hour — which means that a huge number of its 1.4 million U.S. employees make a good deal less than that. By paying so little, the Bentonville behemoth compels thousands of its employees to use food stamps to feed their families and...
Harold Meyerson | The Washington Post 16 Jul 2013 Hits:439 ECR Articles
The global day of protest against the giant corporation Monsanto was a major success, as two million people showed up in cities around the world.
The global day of protest against…
A fundamental struggle for democracy is going on behind the scenes in statehouses around the country, as a handful of wealthy individuals and foundations pour money into efforts to privatize…
At the April Conference Call for the End Corporate Rule Issue Team, PDA endorsed the American Anti-corruption Act. I hope you'll go to http://www.represent.us and become a co-sponsor of the…
Failed gun control legislation and a fertilizer plant explosion reveal how poisoned by big money our government is.
If you want to see why the public approval rating of Congress is…
We now have 12 states whose legislatures have formally endorsed an amendment overturning Citizens United v. FEC (four of which have specifically endorsed ending corporate personhood): California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii,…
The banksters are cashing in off their own disaster. The big banks are buying up distressed real estate by the boat load, and renting or selling it back to the…
The deal would include major papers such as the L.A. Times, the Chicago Tribune, and the Baltimore Sun.
The billionaire oil moguls Charles and David Koch are pushing ahead with their…
The U.S. stands out among advanced countries for its highly regressive tax code.
It’s a sign of how well relentless propagandizing works that Joe Stiglitz has to devote a lengthy op-ed…
The deterioration of the nation’s public transportation, like the deterioration of health care, education, social services, public utilities, bridges and roads, is part of the relentless seizing and harvesting of…
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PDA is organized around several core issues. These issues include:
Each team hosts a monthly conference call. Calls feature legislators, staffers and other policy experts. On these calls we determine PDA legislation to support as well as actions and future events.
Listen to this month's call as plans are made to get the Udall Amendment passed in the United States Senate. We will be discussing the upcoming vote in the Senate, who is on the bill and who is not, our PDA letter drop, the ongoing work on other...
Listen in this month for exciting updates. The Udall Amendment is moving with a companion bill in the House. Postal office facilities are schedule to be closed. We also discussed where to go with the 21st Century Glass-Steagall Act of 2013,...
Listen for exciting updates on the Hobby Lobby case, the Udall Amendment's movement, Eric Cantor has stepping down form leadership, where we are going with the 21st Century Glass-Steagall Act of 2013, and more, plus what our next steps.
Join us this month as we discuss Hobby Lobby case, the actions we will be taking regarding the Udall amendment, movement on the Equal Rights Amendment, other constitutional amendments, and much more.
Listen to this month's call as the team discusses the new Glass-Steagall bill, constitutional amendments, including the ERA, the newly handed down McCutcheon decision by the Supreme Court, as well as the what happened on our Hill Day (incidentally...
Click the link above and listen to End Corporate Rule's monthly call covering the new Glass-Steagall legislation, the Better Off Budget, what to do regarding further attacks on the Post Office, Sen. Sanders' hearing on single payer, the Nolan...